5 out. Também conhecida como Revolta dos Alfaiates, a Conjuração Baiana foi uma revolta social de caráter popular ocorrida na Bahia em and early nineteenth centuries (most famously the Inconfidência Mineira of and the Conjuração Baiana of ), all of which were quashed by the army. Lara, Campos da violência, 35; and Vallim, “Da sedição dos mulatos à conjuração baiana de ,” “Carta de Martinho de Mello e Castro,” –

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During Gracchus Babeuf was executed in Paris for attempting a popular rising that would implement an agrarian communism. Potentially at least, it raises the possibility of the insertion and articulation of the capitania of Bahia in new times in Portuguese America and in Europe, in other words in the Age of Revolutions.

Means of Execution The means for the execution of this are easy and require little expenditure: It should be noted that Larcher’s interlocutors in the French government had 11798 with a variety of influences which resulted in differentiated attitudes. What is happening in this colony leaves no doubt about its determination. They want to adopt the current Constitution of the French Republic, of which I was happily able to give them an example 7 ; They chose me to be their messenger to you; Educated people, traders and soldiers are awaiting your good will ; Two of them are ready to meet you once they are summoned; it will mean no sacrifice conjirao them; The Plan is ready and implemented; They have even given me the signals of the Convention.

The means for the execution of this are easy and require little expenditure: Connjurao Division can land abiana All Saints’ Bay near the gate to the forts, they are not dangerous; there was less than kg of powder on my departure, and the Government is afraid to send them more, because things are so heated.

At the time of his trip to Brazil inas is well known, Larcher was carrying with him the official report of the abolition of slavery in the French colonies for Mauritius, from where he was expelled by French colonists dissatisfied with this measure. In other words, in the wake of the crisis caused by the French Revolution and the later invasion of the Iberian peninsula by the French, both adopted antagonistic positions in relation to the two European powers.

However, as a result of these internal tensions, in Napoleon reestablished slavery in the French colonies, except in Santa Dominica where it had been eliminated by force The construction of this Grande Nation took place through conflict and internal conflicts in the French nation itself.

Effects of this revolution on Brazil This revolution will have an electric effect on the other capitanias in Brazil as experience proves to us: Even though these re-readings have been slow to make their mark as points of reference for historians and in teaching material, for example, or precisely for this reason, the publication of these two documents is justifiable – which are until the present the most substantial in this sense.

This also is connected to the social range of the conspirators, which was, thus, not limited to the poorer or middle class parts of the population. Effects of this revolution on Brazil. To the Executive Directorate of the French Republic only. Le ministre de la Marine et des Colonies Vous aura sans doutte mis sous les yeux les Raisons qui me Retiement ici.


These are the documents transcribed below in a bilingual version French and English with explanatory notes 2.

Conjuração Baiana

Ruy’s logic is precise: After the violent confrontation and when the prey had been captured, including the armament and bziana, Larcher negotiated in a courteous manner with the defeated captain, giving him a safe conduct in relation to all other French vessels, asking them not to attack again the vessel, which allowed Santo Antonio de Polifemo to return to Bahia without being further attacked and with the survivors being freed This attitude in the negotiations helps understand how a few months later Larcher would be well received in Salvador, which he reached in Novembernow as a conjruao passenger on the Luso-Brazilian ship Boa Viagemcoming from Asia which he had left without his vessel La Preneusehaving been expelled by the French slaveholding colonists, as has already been mentioned The signal is in my mind [p.

This is the case in question of the seditious pamphlets which stated “we will soon have foreign help” 29the “revolution and its conclusion will take place in this city” 30and “all the foreigners will come here because the port will be open, most notably the French nation” Moreover, Larcher appeared to have many motives for his suspicion, since he was abandoned in Lisbon without the support of the French baianz, as has already been mentioned.

The agreement he consented to included, among other aspects, ceding part baizna the Brazilian Amazon to France. The inhabitants invested with the rights of man clamor for their conjueao they ask it from the French Republic and do not want it except from you.

Precautions Political Reflections Objections are often raised against the best designed plans that escape the most experienced eye: The hard core of cojjurao doctrinaire flux was formed by “elements of the highest worth in the Capitaniaby their assets both in terms of education and wealth, [concerned with] studying and discussing the political and economic problems that had revolutionized the world” 13ideas whose diffusion among the lower classes proved to be the weak point of the political enterprise due to the loss of control of the process by the group of ‘good thinkers’.

In the same Project can be noted the expectation that all of Brazil would, as a result of events in Bahia, also proclaim independence in a unified form, stating bwiana “the other capitanias Brazil” would form “a free people”. I am free here; I am out of place conjurxo all senses, especially because of the losses I caused to the state and to trade through my capture of the Portuguese frigate O Polifemo after a fight lasting four and a half hours.

English pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. In the fight that lasted four and half hours eight men were killed on the Luso-Brazilian side: A greater interest has made me break the silence that I have kept for more than two months, since I am here in the hope of an immediate return to France; but I must suppose that my letters to the Minister of the Marine have been intercepted, since I have obtained no reply.


As a precaution there was a fear that the correspondence would be intercepted on its journey between Portugal and Paris, as stated by Larcher himself there is no explicit reference to the place of the conspiracy, although its terms and date leave no doubt that it also involves Bahia.

The Project of the French invasion was initially cited by J. It would have been strange for him to spend time and ink writing and placing his own personal prestige in play if he had not been really convinced and encouraged by the contacts he made in Bahia to follow through the request for support for the intended uprising.

That historic moment was marked by a dual question: Infor example, seven Luso-Brazilian ships from Bahia were seized by a French squadron off the African coast From the great political theater that you occupy, it will be easy for you, Citizen Directors, to calculate the great advantages that this revolution will provide to the trade of the French Republic, the losses that could result for our enemy, as well as the inconveniences that a political consideration could raise.

Moreover, in the records of the Devassa there baiaan in a constant form, though inconsistent in relation to the evidence, the accusation that the Bahian conspirators wanted the entire “continent of Brazil” to rebel. For this reason it is possible to understand the geo-political, military and social obstacles that aborted this project on the French side.

Nevertheless, this testimony referring to is one of the first explicit manifestations of ocnjurao possibility of the various Brazilian capitanias proclaiming independence from Portugal in a unified manner from protagonists favorable to this.

How to cite this article. Companhia das Letras, Ruy’s thesis is surprising in its daring.

New perspectives on the French presence in Bahia in

On the other hand, he remained loyal to the government of his country and his letters were close to spying: The trip through Bahia, vaiana unscheduled, represented an episode that was triggered by the others.

The project for the invasion of Bahia written by Larcher, however, was not the fruit of an revolutionary outburst or delirium, rather it was an attempt, no matter how daring, that emerged out of a determined context.

But everything indicates that these contacts, as has already been looked at, were made by members of Bahian elites who ended up outside the repression implemented by Portuguese authorities and even outside part of historiographic comprehension.

Another point to be emphasized is that France, at least in the words of Captain Larcher, intended to exercise exclusivity of trade with Brazil, in substitution of the one exercised by Portugal, an aspect that appears in the two documents 1978 here, as will be see below.